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Ensuring Green Hydrogen’s Authenticity: A Crucial Step Towards a Sustainable Future

As countries and regions worldwide strive to reduce carbon emissions and transition to cleaner energy sources, green hydrogen has emerged as a critical component in the shift to a sustainable future. As a versatile energy carrier and raw material with low carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e), green hydrogen has the potential to revolutionize various industries, such as steel, glass, chemicals, and transportation, and help them achieve carbon neutrality.

However, as demand for green hydrogen grows, it is essential to verify its authenticity and ensure that it is genuinely produced through renewable energy sources. This article will discuss the importance of verifying green hydrogen’s green credentials, explore the challenges in the verification process, and highlight the public-private partnership between SAP and GIZ as an example of efforts to ensure transparency in the green hydrogen market.

The Importance of Verifying Green Hydrogen

As the green hydrogen market expands, it is crucial to establish mechanisms that can verify the hydrogen’s origin and production process. Ensuring that green hydrogen is genuinely green and not derived from fossil fuels is vital for several reasons:

  1. Environmental Impact: The primary advantage of green hydrogen lies in its environmental benefits. Green hydrogen is produced using renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, or hydroelectric power, which significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Ensuring that hydrogen is indeed green helps to confirm its positive environmental impact and supports global efforts to combat climate change.

  2. Market Integrity: Authenticating the greenness of hydrogen is necessary for maintaining market integrity and fostering trust among stakeholders. Transparency in the green hydrogen supply chain can prevent the circulation of fraudulent or misrepresented products, ensuring that consumers and industries receive genuinely sustainable hydrogen.

  3. Regulatory Compliance: As governments worldwide implement policies and regulations to promote the use of green hydrogen, it is vital to ensure that hydrogen complies with these standards. Authenticating green hydrogen enables industries to meet regulatory requirements and access incentives that support the transition to cleaner energy sources.

Challenges in Verifying Green Hydrogen

Despite its importance, verifying the authenticity of green hydrogen is not without its challenges. Some of the key obstacles in the verification process include:

  1. Complex Supply Chains: Green hydrogen production often involves multiple stages and various actors, making supply chains complex and challenging to monitor. As hydrogen changes hands between producers, transporters, and end-users, the risk of misrepresentation or fraud increases.

  2. Lack of Standardization: Currently, there is no universally accepted standard or certification process for green hydrogen. This lack of standardization complicates verification efforts and creates potential loopholes for unscrupulous actors.

  3. Technological Limitations: Traditional methods of tracing and verifying the origin of hydrogen can be time-consuming, costly, and prone to human error. Moreover, existing technologies may not offer the level of transparency and traceability required to ensure the greenness of hydrogen.

The SAP-GIZ Partnership: Pioneering Green Hydrogen Certification

Understanding the necessity for a solid and transparent certification process, leading software provider SAP has joined forces with the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) to create a certification system for green hydrogen in Brazil and Germany. This innovative public-private partnership is designed to initiate a pilot project that digitizes hydrogen certification processes specifically for Brazilian companies.

The partnership will assess and compile certification rules, as well as test digital solutions, to establish a tamper-proof, cost-effective, and traceable certification process. One notable solution is SAP’s GreenToken, which employs a blockchain-based chain of custody to offer transparency into environmental, social, and governance (ESG) aspects such as commodity origin, child labor, and sustainability status across company boundaries.

By harnessing advanced technologies like blockchain, the SAP-GIZ partnership strives to tackle the challenges linked to green hydrogen verification. Blockchain technology provides a decentralized and tamper-proof ledger that records every transaction within the supply chain, simplifying the tracking of green hydrogen’s origin and production process. Moreover, blockchain’s inherent transparency and immutability ensure that stakeholders can trust the authenticity of the traded hydrogen.

This collaboration between SAP and GIZ bolsters Brazil’s potential as a significant green hydrogen exporter, especially to Europe. By implementing a dependable certification system, the partnership will assist Brazilian hydrogen companies in preparing for region-specific certification processes, thus increasing their likelihood of success in both domestic and international markets.

Additionally, the SAP-GIZ partnership can act as a blueprint for other countries and regions aiming to develop their green hydrogen certification systems. By sharing their experiences, challenges, and solutions, SAP and GIZ can help forge standardized certification processes worldwide, fostering transparency and trust within the green hydrogen market.

The Future of Green Hydrogen Verification

While the SAP-GIZ partnership represents a significant step towards ensuring the authenticity of green hydrogen, there is still much work to be done. In the future, we can expect the following developments to further improve green hydrogen verification:

Adoption of Global Standards: As the green hydrogen market grows, there will likely be a push towards the adoption of global standards for green hydrogen certification. These standards will help streamline verification processes and create a more unified market.

Technological Advancements: As technology continues to evolve, new methods and tools for verifying green hydrogen will emerge. Artificial intelligence, machine learning, and advanced sensors could play a role in automating and enhancing the verification process.

Cross-border Cooperation: Ensuring the authenticity of green hydrogen will require cooperation between countries and regions. By working together to develop and implement certification processes, governments and industry stakeholders can create a more transparent and trustworthy global green hydrogen market.


As the world pivots towards cleaner energy sources, green hydrogen plays a pivotal role in achieving a sustainable, carbon-neutral future. Ensuring the authenticity of green hydrogen is essential for realizing its full potential and maintaining market integrity. The public-private partnership between SAP and GIZ serves as an example of how collaboration can lead to the development of robust certification systems, fostering trust and transparency in the burgeoning green hydrogen market. Moving forward, the adoption of global standards, advancements in technology, and cross-border cooperation will be crucial in building a reliable and sustainable green hydrogen industry that benefits both people and the planet.

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